thai-lernen
  Thailands Sprachen, Schriften und Ethnien
 
 
 
"Lernen Sie Thai wesentlich schneller als mit herkömmlichen Lernmethoden!"

Ich empfehle Ihnen den Thai-Sprachkurs von sprachenlernen24:

Lernen Sie Thai!


 

 
Yao - Paar


THAILANDS SPRACHEN, SCHRIFTEN
UND ETHNIEN

© Werner Dackweiler
- siehe auch Fotogalerie " Bergvölker " -
www.songkran.eu


Tai Lue sample text


Aheu

750 in Thailand, Gesamt alle Länder : 2,520., Sakon Nakhon Provinz, Song Daw District, 3 Dörfer. weitere Namen: Phon Soung, So, Sotawueng. Sprachklassifikation : Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Viet-Muong, Thavung 


 

Akha

60,000 in Thailand (1998). Chiangmai, Chiangrai, Maehongson provinz. 250 Dörfer. weitere Namen: Kaw, Ekaw, Ko, Aka, Ikaw, Ak'a, Ahka, Khako, Kha Ko, Khao Kha Ko, Ikor, Aini, Yani.  Sprachklassifikation : Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Lolo-Burmese, Loloish, Southern, Akha, Hani, Ha-Ya 



 

Ban Khor

Northeastern Thailand, einige Dörfer 

Bisu

1,000 in Thailand (1987 Purnell). Nordwest  Chiangrai, Nord Lampang. zwei Hauptdörfer, das größte mit 100 Haushalten, weitere Namen : Mbisu, Mibisu. Sprachklassifikation:
Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Lolo-Burmese, Loloish, Southern, Phunoi 


Blang

[blr] 1,200 in Thailand (1998 SIL). Chiangrai; 1,000 live outside Mae Sai near the northern border, a village of 200 to 300 is near Mae Chan. About 200 live west of Bangkok and work in gardens. Alternate names: Sen Chun, Hkawa, Kawa, K'wa, K'ala, Bulang, Pulang, Pula, Plang, Wa, Khon Doi, Kontoi.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Waic, Bulang 

Bru, Eastern

[bru] 5,000 in Thailand (1983 SIL). Sakon Nakhon Province. Tri are in Kusuman District, Kok Sa-at Bru are in Phanna Nikom and Phang Khon District, about 12 villages; one village in Amnat Charoen Province. Dialects: Tri, Bru Kok Sa-At, Bru Dong Sen Keo.  Classification:
Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, West Katuic, Brou-So 

 

Bru, Western

[brv] 20,000 in Thailand(1991). Dong Luang District of Mukdahan Province. Also spoken in USA. Alternate names: Bruu, B'ru, Baru.  Dialects: It is partially intelligible with Eastern Bru.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, West Katuic, Brou-So 

Cham, Western

[cja] 4,000 in Thailand. Ban Khrue, Bangkok, and possibly in refugee camps. Alternate names: Cambodian Cham, Tjam, Cham, New Cham.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Malayic, Achinese-Chamic, Chamic, South, Coastal, Cham-Chru 


  Schrift der Cham

 


Cham

Chinese, Hakka

[hak] 58,800 in Thailand (1984). Cities. Alternate names: Hakka.  Classification:
Sino-Tibetan, Chinese 

Chinese, Mandarin

[cmn] 5,880 in Thailand (1984). Bangkok, provincial towns, and Kra Peninsula in the south. Dialects: Ho (Haw, Cin Haw, Yunnanese, Western Mandarin, Hui, Hui-Tze, Hwei, Panghse, Pantha, Panthe, Pathee).  Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese 

Chinese, Min Dong

[cdo]   Alternate names: Eastern Min.  Dialects: Fuzhou (Fuchow, Foochow).  Classification:
Sino-Tibetan, Chinese 

Chinese, Min Nan

[nan] 1,081,920 in Thailand. Population includes 1,058,400 Chaochow (18%), 17,640 Fujian (.3%), 5,880 Hainanese (.1%) (1984). Cities. Alternate names: Min Nan, Minnan.  Dialects:Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese 
Chaozhou (Chaochow, Tiuchiu, Teochow, Techu), Shantou (Swatow), Hainan, Fujian (Fukien, Hokkien). 

Chinese, Yue

[yue] 29,400 in Thailand (1984).  Alternate names: Cantonese, Yue, Yueh.  Classification:
Sino-Tibetan, Chinese 

Chong

[cog] 500 in Thailand. Chantaburi, four villages, Trat Province, northwest of Par. Alternate names: Shong, Xong, Chawng.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Chong 

Hmong Daw

[mww] 32,395 in Thailand (2000 WCD). Petchabun, Tak, Maehongson, Chiangmai, Nan, Chiangrai, Pitsanalok, Loei, Sukhothai, Kamphaengphet, Prae, Phayao, Uttaradit, Lampang. Alternate names: White Meo, White Miao, Meo Kao, White Lum, Peh Miao, Pe Miao, Chuan Miao, Bai Miao.  Dialects: Hmong Gu Mba (Hmong Qua Mba, Striped Hmong, Miao Lai), Mong Leng, Petchabun Miao.  Classification: Hmong-Mien, Hmongic, Chuanqiandian 

    


 
Weiße Hmong
Hmong Njua

[blu] 33,000 in Thailand (1987). Tak, Nan, Chiangmai, Maehongson, Petchabun, Chiangrai, Phayao, Phrae, Loei, Sukhothai, Kamphaengphet, Uthai provinces. Alternate names:Classification: Hmong-Mien, Hmongic, Chuanqiandian 
Chuanqiandian Miao, Chuanchientien Miao, Sichuan-Guizhou-Yunnan Hmong, Tak Miao, Meo, Miao, Western Miao. 





Die Konsonanten des Hmong-Alphabets





Blaue Hmong




Blaue Hmong




Blaue Hmong



Rote Hmong



Iu Mien

[ium] 40,000 in Thailand (1999). Chiangmai, Chiangrai, Phayao, Lampang, Kampaengphet, Nan, and Sukhothai provinces, 159 villages. Alternate names: Mien, Yao, Mian, Myen, Yiu Mien, Youmian, Highland Yao, Pan Yao.  Dialects: Chiangrai.  Classification: Hmong-Mien, Mienic, Mian-Jin 

 
     


Karen, Pa'o

[blk] 743 in Thailand (2000). Maehongson. Alternate names: Taungtu, Black Karen, Pa-U, Pa'0, Pa Oh.  Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Karen, Pa'o 

Karen, Phrae Pwo

[kjt]  Northern Thailand, eastern provinces including Phrae Province. Alternate names: Pwo Phrae, Phrae, Prae, Northeastern Pwo Karen.  Dialects: Not intelligible with other Pwo Karen languages. Lexical similarity 87% with Northern Pwo Karen of Thailand, 67% to 71% with other Pwo Karen varieties.  Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Karen, Pwo 

 

Karen, Pwo Northern

[pww] 60,000 (1983 SIL). Mae Sarieng town in northwest Thailand, Mae Ngaw along the Salween River, 15 to 25 villages, Hot to Mae Sarieng (Highway 1099 which runs south to Omkoi). Alternate names: Phlong.  Dialects: Mae Ping, Omkoi (Hod), Mae Sarieng. Three dialects are intelligible with each other. The Pwo Karen of Phrae, Kanchanaburi, and Hua Hin are not intelligible with these. Lexical similarity 87% with Phrae Province Pwo Karen of Thailand, 68% to 73% with other Pwo Karen.  Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Karen, Pwo 


 

Karen, Pwo Western Thailand

[kjp] 50,000 in Thailand (1998). Tak (Mae Sot south), Ulthaithani, Suphanburi, Kanchanaburi, Ratchaburi, Phetchaburi, and Prachuapkhirikhan (Huahin District) provinces. Kanchanaburi dialect is northern, Ratchaburi-Phetchaburi dialect is southern. Alternate names: Phlou, Southern Pwo Karen.  Dialects: Kanchanaburi Pwo Karen, Ratchaburi Pwo Karen (Phetchaburi Pwo Karen).  Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Karen, Pwo 

 

Karen, S'gaw

[ksw] 300,000 in Thailand (1987 E. Hudspith). Tak, Maehongson, Chiangmai, and Chiangrai provinces, near the Myanmar border. Alternate names: S'gaw, S'gau, S'gaw Kayin, Kanyaw, Paganyaw, Pwakanyaw, White Karen, Burmese Karen, Yang Khao.  Dialects: Panapu, Palakhi (Palachi).  Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Karen, Sgaw-Bghai, Sgaw 




Weiße Karen

 

Kayah, Eastern

[eky] 98,642 in Thailand (2000 WCD). Maehongson Province, east of the Salween River. Alternate names: Red Karen, Karennyi, Kayay, Kayah.  Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Karen, Sgaw-Bghai, Kayah 

Kensiu

[kns] 300 in Thailand. Southern Yala Province, Phattaloong, Satun, Narathiwat provinces, Thai-Malay border. Some in a resettlement camp in Yala. Alternate names: Kense, Kensieu, Kenseu, Kensiw, Sakai, Moniq, Monik, Maniq, Moni, Menik, Meni, Ngok Pa, Orang Bukit, Orang Liar, Mos, Mengo, Tiong, Mawas, Belubn.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, North Aslian, Western 

Khmer, Northern

[kxm] 1,117,588 (2000 WCD). Very few are monolingual. Northeastern Thailand, mainly Surin, Sisaket, Buriram, Khorat provinces. Alternate names: Khmer Lue, Thailand Khmer.  Dialects: Buriram, Surin, Sisaket. Different from Central Khmer. Dialects are intelligible with each other. Many local varieties.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Khmer 


 

Khmu

[kjg] 31,403 in Thailand (2000 WCD). Scattered through Thailand, Chiangrai, Nan, Phayao. Alternate names: Kmhmu, Khamu, Khmu', Khamuk, Kamhmu, Kamu, Kha Khmu, Kammu, Tmooy, Mou, Luu, Pouteng.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Mal-Khmu', Khmu' 

Khün

[kkh] 6,281 in Thailand (2000 WCD). Chiangrai, Chiangmai. May not be in Thailand. Alternate names: Hkun, Khun Shan, Gon Shan, Tai Khun, Khuen.  Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Southwestern, Northwest 

Kintaq

[knq]  Kedah-Perak border area, Thai border. Overlaps slightly into Southern Yala Province of Thailand. Alternate names: Kenta, Kintk, Kintaq Bong.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, North Aslian, Western 

Kuy

[kdt] 300,000 in Thailand (1992 Diffloth). Few monolinguals. Population total all countries: 366,675. East central Thailand, provinces of Buriram, Surin, Sisaket, Ubon, Roi Et. Also spoken in Cambodia, Laos. Alternate names: Sui, Suai, Suay, Suoi, Soai, Suei, Cuoi, Kui Souei, Kui, Kuoy, Kuuy, Khamen-Boran.  Dialects: Chang (Suai Chang), Nheu, Kuay. In Cambodia there are four Kuy dialects, based on the use of their word for 'what': Kuy Antra (northern Kompong Thom, southern Preah Vihear), Kuy Anthua (central Preah Vihear), Kuy May or Ma'ay (in Kratie), Kuy Mlor (one village in northern Preah Vihear); only the older people still speak the last two dialects.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, West Katuic, Kuay-Nheu 


 

Lahu

[lhu] 32,000 in Thailand (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). Chiangmai, Chiangrai, Maehongson, Lampang, Tak provinces, 119 known villages. There has been some migration from Myanmar and Laos. Alternate names: Lohei, Muhsur, Mussuh, Muhso, Musso, Musser.  Dialects: Na (Black Lahu, Musser Dam, Northern Lahu, Loheirn), Nyi (Red Lahu, Southern Lahu, Musseh Daeng, Luhishi, Luhushi), Shehleh.  Classification:
Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Lolo-Burmese, Loloish, Southern, Akha, Lahu 




Rote Lahu







Schwarze Lahu




Schwarze Lahu

Lahu Shi

[kds] 20,000 in Thailand (1998). In refugee camps near Laos border; formerly in Chiang Kham camp, but now in camps near Pua, Nan, or elsewhere. Alternate names: Kutsung, Kucong, Kui, Kwi, Shi, Yellow Lahu, Musseh Kwi, Musseh Lyang.  Classification:
Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Lolo-Burmese, Loloish, Southern, Akha, Lahu 



Gelbe Lahu
Lamet

[lbn] 100 in Thailand. Lampang, Chiangrai. Alternate names: Kha Lamet, Khamet, Kamet, Lemet.  Dialects: Upper Lamet, Lower Lamet.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Lametic 



 

Lawa, Eastern

[lwl] 7,000 (1987 D. Schlatter). Northern; Chiangmai, Chiangrai, one village: Wiang Papao. Alternate names: Wiang Papao Lua, Northern Lawa.  Dialects: Phalo, Phang. Not intelligible with Western Lawa. Phalo (100) and Phang (100) are treated as distinct languages in Wurm and Hattori 1981.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Waic, Lawa 

Lawa, Western

[lcp] 7,000 in Thailand (1987 D. Schlatter). Numerous villages in Chiangmai and Maehongson provinces of northern Thailand. Alternate names: Lava, Luwa, Lua, L'wa, Lavua, Lavüa, Mountain Lawa.  Dialects: La-Oor.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Waic, Lawa 



 

Lisu

[lis] 16,000 in Thailand (1993 Johnstone). Chiangmai, Chiangrai, Maehongson, Tak, Sukhothai, Kamphaeng Phet provinces. Some have migrated to northwest Thailand from Myanmar. Alternate names: Lisaw, Li-Shaw, Li-Hsaw, Lu-Tzu, Southern Lisu, Yao Yen, Yaw-Yen, Yaw Yin, Yeh-Jen, Liso.  Dialects: Lu Shi Lisu.  Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Lolo-Burmese, Loloish, Northern, Lisu 

 

 






83,000 in Thailand, Chiangrai, Payao, Lamphun, Nan,
Chiang Kham.  Alternative Namen : Lue, Tai Lue, Thai Lu, Tai Lu, Lu, Pai-I, Pai-Yi, Shui-Pai-I. Sprachklassifizierung :Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai



Tai Lue sample text


Schrift der Tai Lü




Tai Lü

Lua'

[prb] 6,281 (2000 WCD). East of Pua District in Nan Province. Also on Laos-Thailand border. Alternate names: East Pua Pray, Pray 2.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Mal-Khmu', Mal-Phrai 



 

Mal

[mlf] 3,000 to 4,000 in Thailand (1982 SIL). East of Pua District and Chiang Kam, valley near northern Laos border, Nan Province. Alternate names: T'in, Ht'in, Thin, Tin, Khatin.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Mal-Khmu', Mal-Phrai 

Malay

[mly]  Some villages in Ranong, south Thailand. Alternate names: Bahasa Malay, Melayu.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay 

Malay, Pattani

[mfa] 3,100,000 (1998). Population includes 2,600,000 in southern Thailand, 500,000 in Bangkok and elsewhere. Chana (Chenok) Region of Songkhla (Singgora) Province in the north, traversing southward through Pattani, Narathiwat, Yala, Saiburi, Tak Bai. Alternate names: Thai Islam.  Dialects: Different from Kedah Malay and Standard Malay.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay 

Malay, Satun

[meo]  A few villages near Satun. Isolated. Alternate names: Kedah Malay.  Classification:
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay 

Mlabri

[mra] 300 in Thailand (1982 E. R. Long). Population total all countries: 324. Laos border area. Phayao, Nan, Phrae, Utaradit, Phitsanuloke, Loey, and perhaps other provinces. Also spoken in Laos. Alternate names: Mla, Mla Bri, Mabri, Mrabri, Yumbri, Ma Ku, Yellow Leaf, Phi Thong Luang.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Mlabri 

 

 

Mok

[mqt] 7 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Northwest; east northeast of Chiang Mai, on Wang River. Alternate names: Amok, Hsen-Hsum.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Angkuic  

Moken

[mwt]  West coast of south Thailand, Phuket, Phangnga, Krabi, Ranong. Alternate names:Dialects: Dung, Ja-It, L'be.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Malayic, Moklen 
Mawken, Basing, Selung, Selong, Salong, Salon, Chau Ko'. 


Moklen

[mkm] 1,500 (1984 D. Hogan). Ethnic population: 4,000 (2000 D. Bradley). West coast of south Thailand, Phuket, Phangnga. Alternate names: Chau Pok.  Classification:
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Malayic, Moklen 

Mon

[mnw] 107,630 in Thailand (2000 WCD). On the Myanmar border, Kanchanaburi, Pathum Thani, Rat Buri, Surat Thani, Lopburi, Khorat; north and south of Bangkok. Alternate names:Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Monic 
Talaing, Taleng, Aleng, Mun, Peguan, Takanoon. 



 
Schrift der Mon

Mpi

[900  Ethnic population: 1,200  Phrae, Phayao, two villages. Alternate names: Mpi-Mi.  Dialects: Close to Pyen, Phunoi.  Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Lolo-Burmese, Loloish, Southern, Phunoi 

Nyahkur

[cbn] 10,000 (2000 D. Bradley). Ethnic population: 20,000 (2000 D. Bradley). Central Thailand, Khorat, Petchabun, Chayaphum, a few villages, from north of B. Khum Chieo to south of Ban Kao, Thakhong and other rivers. Alternate names: Nyah Kur, Nyakur, Niakuol, Niakuoll, "Chaobon", "Chaodon", Lawa.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Monic 

Nyaw

[nyw] 50,000 (1990 Diller). Sakorn Nakorn, Ta Bo', Nong Khai; Tha Uthen, Nakorn Panom. Alternate names: Yo, Nyo, Nyoh, Jo.  Dialects: Close to Isan (Northeastern Thai) and Luang Prabang Lao.  Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Southwestern, Lao-Phutai 

Nyeu

[nyl] 200. Sisaket. Alternate names: Yeu, Yoe.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, West Katuic, Kuay-Yoe 

Palaung, Pale

[pce] 5,000 in Thailand (1989).  Alternate names: Di-Ang, Ngwe Palaung, Silver Palaung, Pale, Palay, Southern Ta-Ang.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Eastern Palaungic, Palaung 


 


" Langhals-Palaung "




Palaung Frauen

Phai

[prt] 31,000 in Thailand (1993 Johnstone). Population total all countries: 46,000. Thung Chang District of Nan Province. Also spoken in Laos. Alternate names: Phay, Thung Chan Pray, Kha Phay, Pray 1, Prai.  Dialects: More Pray speakers have recently come from Laos to refugee camps, which could represent additional dialects.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Mal-Khmu', Mal-Phrai 

Phu Thai

[pht] 156,000 in Thailand (1993). Population total all countries: 519,400. Kham Chai, Nakorn Panom, Ubon, Kalasin, Sakorn Nakorn. Also possibly in China. Also spoken in Laos, USA, Viet Nam. Alternate names: Puthai, Putai, Phuu Thai, Phutai.  Dialects: Little dialect differentiation. Close to Tai Dam and Tai Don.  Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Southwestern, Lao-Phutai


        

 

Phuan

[phu] 98,605 in Thailand (2000 WCD). Population total all countries: 204,704. Uthai Thani, Phichit, Petchabun, Lopburi, Singburi, Suphanburi, Saraburi, Nakorn Nayok, Phrachinburi, Udon, Loei, and one village south of Bangkok. Also spoken in Laos. Alternate names: Lao Phuan, Phu Un.  Dialects: Close to Northern Tai, Tai Dam, Song, Lao.  Classification:
Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Southwestern, East Central, Chiang Saeng

Phunoi

[pho]  Some in Chiangrai. Alternate names: Phu Noi, Punoi, Phounoy.  Dialects: Black Khoany, White Khoany, Mung, Hwethom, Khaskhong.  Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Lolo-Burmese, Loloish, Southern, Phunoi 

Pray

 38,808.   Interspersed in Thung Chang and Pua districts among the Mal. Dialects: One dialect is more distinct. Separate from Phai and Lua.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Mal-Khmu', Mal-Phrai 

Saek

[skb] 11,000 in Thailand (1993 Johnstone). Northeastern, Nakorn Panom. Alternate names:Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Sek 
Sek, Tai Sek. 

Shan

[shn] 60,000 in Thailand (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). Maehongson, Myuang Haeng, Chiangrai, Chiangmai, Maesai, Tak, on northwestern border. Alternate names: Sha, Tai Shan, Sam, Tai Yay, Thai Yay, Great Thai, Tai Luang, "Ngio", "Ngiow", "Ngiaw", "Ngiao", "Ngeo".  Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Southwestern, Northwest 




 

[sss] 58,000 in Thailand (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). Nakorn Panom, Sakorn Nakorn, Nong Kai, Kalasin. Both sides of Mekong River in northeastern Thailand. 53 villages in Thailand. Alternate names: Kha So, Thro.  Dialects: So Trong, So Slouy, So Phong, So Makon.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, West Katuic, Brou-So

Tai Dam

[blt] 700 in Thailand (2004). Loei Province, village of Ban Na Pa Nat. Alternate names:Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Southwestern, East Central, Chiang Saeng 
Jinping Dai, Tai Noir, Thai Den, Black Tai. 




Verbreitung der Tai Dam
 
    





Schrift der Tai Dam



Tai Nüa





[tdd]  Also possibly in northern Viet Nam. Alternate names: Chinese Shan, Tai Neua, Tai Man, Dehong Dai.  Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Southwestern, Northwest 


Schrift der Tai Nüa
Thai

[tha] 20,182,571 in Thailand (2000 WCD). Population includes 400,000 Khorat (1984). 4,704,000 mother-tongue Thai speakers who are ethnic Chinese, or 80% of the Chinese (1984). Population total all countries: 20,229,987. Central Thailand, centered in Bangkok. Khorat dialect in Ratchasima. Also spoken in Singapore, United Arab Emirates, USA. Alternate names: Central Tai, Standard Thai, Thaiklang, Siamese.  Dialects: Khorat Thai (Korat, Thaikorat).  Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Southwestern, East Central, Chiang Saeng  




Thai Schrift


 




Schrift der Weißen Tai
Thai Song

[soa] 32,307 (2000 WCD). Kanchanaburi, Phetburi, Pitsanulok, Nakorn Sawaan, Nakorn Pathom, Suphanburi. Alternate names: Lao Song, Lao Song Dam, Song.  Dialects: Only slight dialect differences. Close to Tai Dam.  Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Southwestern, East Central, Chiang Saeng



Schrift der Tai Song

 

Thai, Northeastern

[tts] 15,000,000 (1983 SIL). Population includes at least 1,000,000 in Bangkok. Kalerng has a few thousand speakers (1990 A. Diller ANU). Northeastern; 17 provinces. Kalerng is in Sakon Nakhon and Nakhon Phanom. Alternate names: Isan, Isaan, Issan, Thai Isaan.  Dialects: Northern Isan, Central Isan (Kalerng, Kaleung, Kaloeng), Southern Isan. Korat. The Korat dialect is quite different, and may be a separate language.  Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Southwestern, Lao-Phutai 

Thai, Northern






































Thai, South

[nod] 6,000,000 in Thailand (1983 SIL). Population total all countries: 6,009,396. Chiangmai, Chiangrai, Lamphun, Lampang, Maehongson, Hot, Nan, Phayao, Phrae, Uttaradit, Tak provinces. Also spoken in Laos. Alternate names: Lanna, Lan Na, Lanatai, "Yuan", Phyap, Phayap, Payap, Kammüang, Kammyang, Myang, Kam Mu'ang, Mu'ang, Khon Mung, Khon Myang, Tai Nya, La Nya, Northern Thai, Western Laotian.  Dialects: Nan, Bandu, Tai Wang. The Nan dialect is more distinct.  Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Southwestern, East Central, Chiang SaengThai, Southern



Schrift der Lanna Thai

[sou] 5,000,000 (1990 Diller). Population includes 1,500,000 to 3,000,000 or more Muslim Tai (2001). Chumphon, Nakorn Srithammarat; 14 provinces total. Muslim Tai in provinces of Chumporn, Nakorn Srithammarat, Phattalung, Songkhla, Ranong, Phanga, Phuket, Krabi, Trang, Satun. Alternate names: Pak Thai, Pak Tai, Paktay, Dambro.  Dialects: Tak Bai (Tai Tak Bai), Thai Malay (Tai Islam). A group of dialects more distantly related to other Tai languages. The border dialects are quite distinct from others.  Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Southwestern, Southern

   
Tonga

[tnz] Ethnic population: 300 (2000 D. Bradley). Two areas in the south. Also spoken in Malaysia (Peninsular). Alternate names: Mos.  Dialects: Satun. Probably close to Kensiu.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Aslian, North Aslian, Tonga 

Ugong

[ugo] 80 (2000 D. Bradley). Ethnic population: 500. Kanchanaburi, Uthai Thani, Suphanburi. None in Myanmar. Alternate names: Lawa, 'Ugong, Gong, Ugawng.  Dialects: Kok Chiang, Suphanburi. Not closely related to other languages.  Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Lolo-Burmese, Loloish, Southern 

Urak Lawoi'

[urk] 3,000  Ethnic population: 3,000   Phuket and Langta islands, west coast of southern Thailand. Not in Malaysia. Alternate names: Orak Lawoi', Lawta, Chaw Talay, Chawnam, Lawoi.  Dialects: Aboriginal Malays who speak a unique Malay language.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Malayic, Malayan, Para-Malay 

Yong

[yno] 12,561 (2000 WCD). Chiangrai, Chiangmai, Lamphun. May also be in Muang Yong, northern Myanmar. Alternate names: Nyong.  Dialects: Phonology similar to Lü.  Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Southwestern, Unclassified 

Yoy

[yoy] 5,000 in Thailand (1990 Diller). Population total all countries: 6,000. Sakorn Nakorn. Also spoken in Laos. Alternate names: Yoi, Yooi, Yooy, Dioi, Jui.  Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Northern 



Yoi-Frau

 




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